Glossary of Terms


A-E     F-J     K-N     O-T     U-Z

Best practices:

Effective techniques for behavior change proven that are considered reliable and valid. Research findings are often the best way to determine if a technique should be considered best practices. Techniques often based on research that are proven to be reliable, valid and effective.


Biomedical prevention strategies:

The use of medical barrier and public health techniques to prevent someone from acquiring the virus that causes AIDS. Biomedical prevention strategies can include vaccines and the medical use of drugs to treat or prevent infection.


Capacity building:

The process for developing and strengthening skills and ability to effectively improve the health of individuals, groups and communities.



Communication, thoughts and ideas about a particular topic or subject.


Cisgender woman:

A woman whose gender identity and expression aligns with the gender assigned at birth.



Concepts or strategies derived from objective evidence or confirmation as being effective. Indication of evidence-based practices is often derived from research or practice.


Health education:

The use of evidence-based practices, strategies and theories to increase knowledge or change attitudes and behaviors related to improving health. Health education can also be defined as a combination of planned learning activities to improve the health individuals, groups or communities.


Health determinants:

Also referred determinants of health, are factors influence a person’s health status. Five commonly recognized determinants are biology, individual behavior, physical environment, social environment, and health services and care.


Health disparities:

Differences in health outcomes that are linked to social or economic status. Groups of people who experience greater social and economic burden are more likely to experience health disparities compared to others.


Health promotion:

The use of a combination of planned activities that support actions and conditions conducive to improving the health of individuals, groups or communities



A combination of program activities, techniques and strategies designed to change a health behavior or improve health status.



The process in which an individual or group is relegated to a lower position in society. Marginalization can occur through the development of policies, practices and programs that do not meet the needs of people in lower positions or power.



PrEP stands for pre-exposure prophylaxis and is prevention tool for people who are at a high risk for contracting HIV.  People who do not have HIV can take a daily pill to reduce their risk for contracting the virus that causes AIDS. If taken properly, PrEP can reduce the risk of contracting HIV by more than 90%


Risk factors:

Risk factors are behaviors or a set of circumstances that increase your chances for contracting a disease or experiencing a negative health outcome. Risk factors for acquiring HIV/AIDS include having sex without the consistent use of condoms, being unaware of your status or your partner’s status, reduced access to health care, lack of screening for HIV/AIDS and low education attainment.


Risk perceptions:

The beliefs held by individuals or a group related to the chance of contracting a disease.


Transgender woman

A woman whose gender identity and expression is different than the gender assigned at birth. Transgender is used to for people whose gender identity and expression is different from the gender assigned at birth.


Women of color:

A woman who is not described as white or a woman who has an ethnic identity other than white.


Be-PrEPared Increasing Knowledge & Awareness about HIV/AIDS and PrEP utilizing a Comprehensive Women’s Health Approach was funded by Gilead Sciences. Funds are not used to promote or purchase Truvada for PrEP as an HIV biomedical prevention strategy. The Be-PrEPared health education curriculum, Stories in Sisterhood and educational resources were created to raise knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS prevention efforts. This includes the use of biomedical prevention strategies such as PrEP, and to increase capacity for addressing health disparities and negative health outcomes among cis and trans women of color.



phone: (940) 898-2899